Volume 6, Issue 2 (8-2020)                   J Sport Biomech 2020, 6(2): 110-121 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Omidbakhsh G A, Fathi M, Hejazi K. Comparison the Effect of Eight Weeks Pyramid Resistance Training With two Patterns on Bio-motor Ability and Anthropometrical in Wrestlers. J Sport Biomech. 2020; 6 (2) :110-121
URL: http://biomechanics.iauh.ac.ir/article-1-220-en.html
1- Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Humanities, Bojnourd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd, Iran.
2- Department of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.
3- Department of Exercises Physiology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar, Iran.
Abstract:   (468 Views)
Objective: Wrestling is a fast-paced activity in which resistance training is essential to improve athlete performance. We evaluated the effect of comparison of the effect of eight weeks resistance training with two patterns of pyramidal and inverse pyramidal on bio-motor ability, Anthropometrical and skill profile of freestyle wrestlers.
Methods: In this semi experimental study, 24 male freestyle wrestlers were randomly assigned into two groups [pyramidal (n=12) and inverse pyramidal endurance (n=12)]. The pyramidal and inverse pyramidal resistance training included (8 weeks, 3 times per a week, 60 minutes per session). Bio-motor ability, Anthropometrical and skill profile were measured at baseline and at the end of the study. Paired and independent sample t-test were used to compare within and between-group means and the results were tested at the significant level P<0.05.
Results: Training lead to changes on weight, body mass index, body fat percent, maximum power into pyramidal and inverse pyramidal groups (P<0.05). Anaerobic power, explosive power, muscular endurance increased significantly in both pyramidal and inverse pyramidal patterns. There were significant differences in the between-group mean changes in the variables of weight, body mass index and muscular endurance between the two experimental groups (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Resistance exercises with pyramidal and inverse pyramidal patterns led to significant weight loss, body mass index, body fat percentage, and improvement of skill profile and biometric indicators. Therefore, using both types of training may have a positive effect on wrestlers' performance indicators.
Full-Text [PDF 4594 kb]   (430 Downloads) |   |   Full-Text (HTML)  (316 Views)  
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/06/11 | Accepted: 2020/06/13 | Published: 2020/09/1

References
1. 1. Michaels GN. Arm wrestling training machine. Google Patents; 1988.
2. Farzad B, Gharakhanlou R, Agha-Alinejad H, Curby DG, Bayati M, Bahraminejad M, et al. [Physiological and performance changes from the addition of a sprint interval program to wrestling training (Persian)]. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2011;25(9):2392-9. [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181fb4a33] [PMID] [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181fb4a33] [PMID]
3. Carpinelli R. Berger in retrospect: effect of varied weight training programmes on strength. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 2002;36(5):319-24. [DOI:10.1136/bjsm.36.5.319] [PMID] [PMCID] [DOI:10.1136/bjsm.36.5.319] [PMID] [PMCID]
4. Häkkinen K. Neuromuscular and hormonal adaptations during strength and power training. A review. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness. 1989;29(1):9-26.
5. Baechle TR, Earle RW. Weight training: steps to success: Human Kinetics. 2019.
6. Kraemer WJ, Gordon S, Fleck S, Marchitelli L, Mello R, Dziados J, et al. Endogenous anabolic hormonal and growth factor responses to heavy resistance exercise in males and females. International journal of sports medicine. 1991;12(02):228-35. [DOI:10.1055/s-2007-1024673] [PMID] [DOI:10.1055/s-2007-1024673] [PMID]
7. Bompa T, Bompa TO, Carrera M. Periodization training for sports: Elsevier. 2005.
8. Mirzaei B, Arazi H, Curby D, Barbas I, Moghaddam MG, Hosseini Y. [The Effects of Two Different Resistive Loading Patterns on Strength, Hypertrophy, Anaerobic Power and Endurance in Young Wrestlers (Persian)]. International Journal of Wrestling Science. 2012;2(1):41-7. [DOI:10.1080/21615667.2012.10878943] [DOI:10.1080/21615667.2012.10878943]
9. Häkkinen K, Kraemer WJ, Pakarinen A, Tripleltt-Mcbride T, McBride JM, Häkkinen A, et al. Effects of heavy resistance/power training on maximal strength, muscle morphology, and hormonal response patterns in 60-75-year-old men and women. Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology. 2002;27(3):213-31. [DOI:10.1139/h02-013] [PMID] [DOI:10.1139/h02-013] [PMID]
10. Cronin J, McNair P, Marshall R. Is velocity-specific strength training important in improving functional performance? Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness. 2002;42(3):267.
11. Mikesky AE, Mikesky KN, Getchell B. Physical Fitness: A way of life: Cooper Publishing Group; 2008.
12. Bompa TO, Di Pasquale M, Cornacchia L. Serious strength training: Human Kinetics. 2012.
13. Hoff J, Helgerud J. Endurance and strength training for soccer players. Sports medicine. 2004;34(3):165-80. [DOI:10.2165/00007256-200434030-00003] [PMID] [DOI:10.2165/00007256-200434030-00003] [PMID]
14. Meckel Y, Machnai O, Eliakim A. Relationship among repeated sprint tests, aerobic fitness, and anaerobic fitness in elite adolescent soccer players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2009;23(1):163-9. [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e31818b9651] [PMID] [DOI:10.1519/JSC.0b013e31818b9651] [PMID]
15. Reilly T, Lees A, Davids K, Murphy W. Science and Football (Routledge Revivals): Proceedings of the first World Congress of Science and Football, Liverpool, 13-17th April 1987: Routledge. 2013. [DOI:10.4324/9780203720035] [DOI:10.4324/9780203720035]
16. Plowman SA, Smith DL. Exercise physiology for health fitness and performance: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. 2013.
17. Pareja-Blanco F, Rodríguez-Rosell D, Sánchez-Medina L, Gorostiaga E, González-Badillo J. Effect of movement velocity during resistance training on neuromuscular performance. International journal of sports medicine. 2014;35(11):916-24. [DOI:10.1055/s-0033-1363985] [PMID] [DOI:10.1055/s-0033-1363985] [PMID]
18. Nowacki P, Cai D, Buhl C, Krummelbein U. Biological performance of German soccer players (professionals and juniors) tested by special ergometry and treadmill methods. Science and football. 1988;1:145-57.
19. Öberg B, Möller M, Gillquist J, Ekstrand J. Isokinetic torque levels for knee extensors and knee flexors in soccer players. International journal of sports medicine. 1986;7(01):50-3. [DOI:10.1055/s-2008-1025735] [PMID] [DOI:10.1055/s-2008-1025735] [PMID]
20. Al'Hazzaa H, Almuzaini K, Al-Refaee S, Sulaiman M. Aerobic and anaerobic power characteristics of Saudi elite soccer players. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness. 2001;41(1):54.
21. Goto K, Ishii N, Kizuka T, Takamatsu K. The impact of metabolic stress on hormonal responses and muscular adaptations. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. 2005;37(6):955-63.
22. Valipour dehnou V, Mansournejad H, Gharakhanlou R, Sharafi F. [Response of Strength, Power and Muscle Endurance to Resistance Training with Different Rest Intervals (Persian)]. Journal of Sport Biosciences. 2015;7(1):77-91.
23. Mirzaei B, Mohebbi H, Sangdavini M. [A comparison of the effect of one- versus three- sets of resistance training on muscular strength, endurance and mass in untrained men (Persian)]. Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology. 2010;6(11):79-92.
24. Ratamess NA, Alvar BA, Evetoch TE, Housh TJ, Ben Kibler W, Kraemer WJ, et al. Progression models in resistance training for healthy adults. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. 2009;41(3):687-708. [DOI:10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181915670] [PMID] [DOI:10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181915670] [PMID]
25. Ravasi A, Gaeini A, Tasmeh M, Abdi H, Abdolmohammadi A. [The Effect of Plyometric, Strength and Complex Training on Agility of Young Free Style Wrestlers in Ilam City]. Journal of Sport Biosciences. 2014;6(2):191-204.

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© 2021 CC BY-NC 4.0 | Journal of Sport Biomechanics

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb