Volume 6, Issue 2 (8-2020)                   J Sport Biomech 2020, 6(2): 98-109 | Back to browse issues page

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Kiani Dooghabadi F, Khoshraftar Yazdi N, Farzaneh H. The Effect of a Period of Kinesiotherapy and Reflexology on Pain Intensity and Range of Motion in Elderly Women With Knee Osteoarthritis. J Sport Biomech. 2020; 6 (2) :98-109
URL: http://biomechanics.iauh.ac.ir/article-1-225-en.html
1- Department of Sports Pathology and Corrective Movements, Faculty of Human Sciences, Imam Reza International University, Mashhad, Iran.
2- Department of Corrective Exercise and Sport Pathology, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran.
3- Department of Sports Science, Kashmar Higher Education Institute, Kashmar, Iran.
Abstract:   (1058 Views)
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the effect of a period of therapeutic exercise and reflexology on pain intensity and range of motion in elderly women with knee osteoarthritis.
Methods: 45 elderly women with osteoarthritis of the knee were purposefully selected and randomly divided into three groups of 15: therapeutic exercise, reflexology and control. The therapeutic exercise and reflexology group practiced therapy and reflexology for 4 weeks and 5 sessions per week. The control group also performed their daily activities. To assess the intensity of pain and the range of motion of the subject's knee, the visual pain scale VAS and goniometer were used in pre-test and post-test, respectively. Data analysis was performed by one-way analysis of variance and Tukey's Post Hoc test.
Results: The results showed that both types of therapeutic exercise protocol and reflexology have positive and significant effects on reducing pain intensity and increasing range of motion of the knee joint of the subjects (P≤0.05), and the therapeutic exercise protocol compared to the protocol. Reflexology had more significant effects on the rate of increase in range of motion (P=0.001; P=0.001, respectively).
Conclusion: Based on the results, the use of both protocols of therapeutic exercise and reflexology is recommended to reduce the severity of pain and increase the range of motion of elderly women with osteoarthritis of the knee. Simultaneous use of these two protocols for treatment and greater effectiveness in this group of patients is recommended
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Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2020/08/2 | Accepted: 2020/08/4 | Published: 2020/09/1

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