Volume 1, Issue 1 (9-2015)                   J Sport Biomech 2015, 1(1): 53-61 | Back to browse issues page

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1- Rajaee University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (9794 Views)

Objective: Genu varum is considered a risk factor for knee osteoarthritis. Being aware of the changes in muscles activity in various standing positions among genu varum patients, can provide insight for preventing osteoarthritis in this population. This study is undertaken to compare muscles activity in various standing positions between young healthy and genu varum male individuals.
Methods: 80 healthy male university students, 40 normal and 40 subjects with genu varum deformity, participated in this study. Deformity of genu varum was assessed with caliper and Goniometer. Each subject stood in five different positions and muscles activity was recorded with EMG device. For data analysis, Matlab and SPSS software were employed and Mixed variance analysis test (Mixed ANOVA) was run to compare the dependent variables at a significance level of P ≤ 0.05.
Results: Significant differences were observed between the two groups for muscles activity of the tensor fasia latae (at single leg with closed eye position), tertius fibulae and gluteus medius muscles (at single leg with closed eye and upward head postions)( p≤0.05) while no significant differences were observed in other muscles.
Conclusion: According to the obtained results, it can be suggested that frontal knee angle may affect muscles activity. Perhaps one of the reasons for higher injury risk and knee osteoarthritis in genu varum population is the increase in muscles activity. Therefor, It is proposed that focusing on corrective exercises can reduce these risks.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/11/16 | Accepted: 2015/01/16 | Published: 2015/05/4

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