دوره 9، شماره 3 - ( 9-1402 )                   جلد 9 شماره 3 صفحات 270-252 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Nazari F, Fatahi A. Football Biomechanics and Performance Enhancement: A Systematic Review. J Sport Biomech 2023; 9 (3) :252-270
URL: http://biomechanics.iauh.ac.ir/article-1-325-fa.html
نظری فرهاد، فتاحی علی. بیومکانیک فوتبال و ارتقاء عملکرد: مقاله مروری. مجله بیومکانیک ورزشی. 1402; 9 (3) :252-270

URL: http://biomechanics.iauh.ac.ir/article-1-325-fa.html


1- گروه بیومکانیک ورزشی، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.
چکیده:   (590 مشاهده)
هدف بازیکنان فوتبال و مربیان آن‌ها دائماً به فکر ارتقاء عملکرد و کیفیت بهتری از فوتبال به هواداران خود هستند. هدف از این بررسی سیستماتیک، کاربرد و نقش ابزار تمرینی و تمرینات تخصصی در بهبود عملکرد بازیکنان فوتبال و بررسی نتایج، تحلیل‌ها و پیشنهاد‌های حاصل از مطالعات مختلف در حوزه بیومکانیک فوتبال و ارتقاء عملکرد بود.
روش‌ها مقالات از طریق جستجو در منابع الکترونیکی در پایگاه‌های تخصصی فارسی: گوگل اسکولار، مگیران، سیویلیکا، ایرانداک، SID، ISC و لاتین: ساینس دایرکت، گوگل اسکولار، پابمد و اسکاپوس انجام شد. واژگان کلیدی برای جستجو شامل موارد بیومکانیک، فوتبال، ارتقاء عملکرد و ترکیب و مترادف آن‌ها بودند که به فارسی و معادل لاتین آن‌ها مورد جستجو قرار گرفتند.
یافته‌ها نبعد از بررسی کل متن مقالات، تعداد 87 مقاله در سه حوزه شامل کاربرد ابزار مختلف تمرینی و تمرینات مختلف در بهبود عملکرد، همین‌طور بررسی تحلیل‌ها و پیشنهاد‌های حاصل از تحقیق در مطالعات بیومکانیک فوتبال و ارتقاء عملکرد مورد ارزیابی و مطالعه قرار گرفتند.
نتیجه‌گیری یافته‌ها نشان دادند ارتقاء عملکرد در بازیکنان فوتبال به‌واسطه ابزار تمرینی و تمرینات اختصاصی حاصل می‌شود. تمرینات پلایومتریک و کش‌های تراباند سبب بهبود حس عمقی و قدرت عضلات مفصل مچ پای بازیکنان فوتبال می‌شود. افزایش تعداد مهارت‌های تکنیکی در بازی‌های زمین کوچک اتفاق می‌افتد و سطح بالاتری از مالکیت توپ را شاهد هستیم. برنامه فیفا 11+ تأثیر قابل‌توجهی بر سرعت، سرعت دریبل، دقت شوت، چابکی و پرش عمودی بازیکنان فوتبال داردد.
واژه‌های کلیدی: بیومکانیک، فوتبال، ارتقاء عملکرد
متن کامل [PDF 1854 kb]   (220 دریافت) |   |   متن کامل (HTML)  (548 مشاهده)  
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي
دریافت: 1402/11/5 | پذیرش: 1402/12/6 | انتشار: 1402/11/6

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